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When you think higher education, you probably think cost. No surprise. It is expensive. And a variety of factors can impact these costs. Besides tuition and fees, students may have to pay for housing, food, transportation, books, supplies and other related expenses.
No matter when your child starts his or her higher education journey, you can begin the planning process now. By using our Saving for College Calculator, you can estimate the amounts needed to start college in one year, six years or even 18 years based on public in-state, public out-of-state and private college tuitions.
The foundation for a strong future begins with higher education. Today, there are more education funding options than ever before. Plus, when you begin investing early, you put time on your side as you build an education fund.
Careful research and planning can position you to be prepared when your student starts college. However, knowing which option to choose requires an understanding of the features, benefits and tax implications of each.
Talk to us to become more acquainted with the options below and determine which one may be right for your family.
529 College Savings Plan »
A 529 plan is one way to invest for education. It offers you control as the account owner and flexibility in your investment choices. 529 plans are available in nearly every state and are designed so that any U.S. citizen or resident can open an account and invest for college expenses and those associated with public, private or religious K-12 education.
Begin investing when a child is young so funds have the potential to grow over time, tax deferred, until you're ready to make tax-free withdrawals.
Coverdell Education Savings Account »
A Coverdell Education Savings Account allows you to make an annual nondeductible contribution to a specially designated investment trust account. The account grows federal income tax free and withdrawals are tax free. Coverdell funds can be used for college expenses as well as K-12 expenses.
UTMA/UGMA Account »
You can save for higher education expenses as the custodian of an account opened in a minor’s name. An UGMA/UTMA allows you to make an irrevocable gift of money to a child. While the assets belong to the minor, you control them until the child reaches legal age in your state.
ABLE Account »
An ABLE Account is a tax-advantaged savings account for individuals with disabilities. Contributions are not tax deductible for purposes of federal taxes but may be deductible for state income tax purposes. Income earned in the account is not taxed when used for qualified disability expenses. In addition to education expenses, these expenses include housing, transportation, employment training, assistive technology, personal support services, healthcare expenses, etc.
529 contribution limits vary by state. Contributions to a Section 529 plan are subject to applicable limits under federal gift tax and generation skipping transfer tax provisions and may be subject, upon distribution, to federal income tax if the amounts are not used for higher educational expenses. Penalties, in accordance with IRS guidelines, may apply to distributions that are not attributable to higher educational expenses of the designated beneficiary, made on account of the death or disability of the beneficiary, or due to rollover. As with other investments, there are generally fees and expenses associated with participation in Section 529 College Savings Plans. Fees and expenses vary greatly, even among plans offered within the same state. There is also the risk that plan investments may lose money or not perform well enough to cover college costs as anticipated. Withdrawals may or may not be state income tax-free, depending on the participant's state of residence. Withdrawals of earnings for purposes of paying for qualified higher educational expenses are federal income tax-free. Withdrawals for non-qualified educational expenses are subject to a 10% federal tax penalty and are taxed as ordinary income. Investors should consider the investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses associated with a 529 Plan carefully before investing. This and other information is found in the offering documents for the plan. Please read these materials carefully before investing.
An investor should also consider, before investing, whether the investor's or designated beneficiary's home state offers any state tax or other benefits that are only available for investments in such state's 529 college savings plan.